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An Introduction of Voltage-Controlled Amplifier AD603AQ

kate kate 24 December 2021
An Introduction of Voltage-Controlled Amplifier AD603AQ

General Description


The AD603 is a low noise, a voltage-controlled amplifier for use in RF and IF AGC systems. It provides accurate, pin-selectable gains of −11 dB to +31 dB with a bandwidth of 90 MHz or +9 dB to 51+ dB with a bandwidth of 9 MHz. Any intermediate gain range may be arranged using one external resistor. The input-referred noise spectral density is only 1.3 nV/√Hz, and power consumption is 125 mW at the recommended ±5 V supply. 


The decibel gain is linear in dB, accurately calibrated, and stable over temperature and supply. The gain is controlled at a high impedance (50 MΩ), low bias (200 nA) differential input; the scaling is 25 mV/dB, requiring a gain control voltage of only 1 V to span the central 40 dB of the gain range. An over range and under a range of 1 dB is provided whatever the selected range. The gain control response time is less than 1 μs for a 40 dB change. 


The differential gains control interface allows the use of either differential or single-ended positive or negative control voltages. Several of these amplifiers may be cascaded and their gain control gains offset to optimize the system SNR. The AD603 can drive a load impedance as low as 100 Ω with
low distortion. For a 500 Ω load in shunt with 5 pF, the total harmonic distortion for a ±1 V sinusoidal output at 10 MHz is typically −60 dBc. The peak specified output is ±2.5 V minimum into a 500 Ω load. 


The AD603 uses a patented proprietary circuit topology—the X-AMP®. The X-AMP comprises a variable attenuator of 0 dB to −42.14 dB followed by a fixed-gain amplifier. Because of the attenuator, the amplifier never has to cope with large inputs and can use negative feedback to define its (fixed) gain and dynamic performance. The attenuator has an input resistance of 100 Ω,laser-trimmed to ±3%, and comprises a 7-stage R-2R ladder network, resulting in attenuation between tap points of 6.021 dB. A proprietary interpolation technique provides a continuous gain control function that is linear in dB. The AD603 is specified for operation from −40°C to +85°C.




Linear-in-dB gain control 

Pin-programmable gain ranges 

−11 dB to +31 dB with 90 MHz bandwidth 9 dB to 51 dB with 9 MHz bandwidth 

Any intermediate-range, for example, −1 dB to +41 dB with 30 MHz bandwidth 

Bandwidth independent of variable gain 1.3 nV/√Hz input noise spectral density 

±0.5 dB typical gain accuracy




RF/IF AGC amplifiers 

Video gain controls 

A/D range extensions 

Signal measurements


CAD Model











Block Diagram





· Technical

· Operating Temperature--40°C~85°C

· Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL)-1 (Unlimited)

· Max Power Dissipation-400mW

· Supply Voltage-5V

· Supply Voltage-Max (Vsup)-6.3V

· Operating Supply Current-20mA

· Power Dissipation-400mW

· Slew Rate-275V/μs

· Output Current per Channel-50mA

· Bandwidth-90MHz

· Neg Supply Voltage-Nom (Vsup)--5V

· Voltage Gain-31.3dB

· Gain-31 dB

· Dual Supply Voltage-5V


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