Building With Stones: Types And Uses

Building With Stones: Types And Uses
5 min read
12 December 2022

Stone has always been utilized in the building industry. And its status as one of the important structural components has allowed it to remain so throughout history. Once the natural stone has been removed. Next it is processed to transform it into a material. That best can be used in building and we use stone and its products for Civil Works Contractors.

STONE : A Longer Usable Life

Stone has a far longer usable life than other materials. Such as wood or cement, and requires significantly less maintenance during its much longer lifespan. In addition to this, it is a superb thermal insulator, meaning that it can keep the temperature within the house at a consistent level.

Different Kinds Of Stones And Their Use In Building

Civil Works Contractors

When it comes to classifying them. We need to differentiate between them based on their history. The components that make up their composition. And the method that was used to bring them together. At this point, it is essential to differentiate between minerals and rocks. Despite the fact that both are frequently referred to as STONES. This is due to the fact that their geological functions are rather distinct from one another. A mineral is a material that is chemically consistent throughout its entirety. Whereas a rock is composed of a variety of minerals combined together. Now that we know where they originated. Let's have a look at how they might be categorized according to their development.

Rocks That Are Either Igneous or Magmatic

These are the rocks that originate from deeper within the earth, more precisely from magma. They come into existence as a result of the cooling or ascent of magma to the surface of the earth. Magmatic rock like igneous rock and marble are two such examples of the kind.

They are aesthetically quite comparable. And may be utilized for either of the aforementioned interior aspects. Because of its durability and hardness. Basalt is one type of volcanic rock that is frequently used for the strengthening of railway tracks. Basalt is a sample of an igneous rock.

Examples Of the Use Of Igneous Rock

GRANITE, BASALT, PUMICE, AND DORITE are the types of igneous or magma rocks that are utilized most frequently in the buildings.

One possible use of it might be following:


As a result of its widespread availability and tenacious nature, it is a material that is put to extensive use in building, both inside and outside: surfaces, kitchen counters, baths, fireplaces...


It is quite dense and has a very fine grain, and it is utilized for engineering works, foundation, steps (under cover), pavement (paving stones), and paving stones.


The most common applications for pumice stone in construction are the production of mortar and lightweight concrete, as well as its usage as an aesthetic rock. Pumice stone is also sometimes referred to as pumice.


In applications involving the building of roads, it is frequently combined with other materials in order to provide a surface that is more resistant to wear.

Rocks Composed of SEDIMENTS

They are made up of sediments that came from other rocks. And were deposited there as a result of processes such as erosion, transport, and sedimentation of rocks. That were already in existence.

These sediments were then subjected to various chemical and physical processes. Which resulted in the formation of consolidated materials. Typically, one will find them arranged in different tiers or strata.

A Few Illustrative Uses of Rocks Composed Of SEDIMENTS

Flagstone, limestone, and travertine are a few kinds of sedimentary rocks that are frequently employed in the building industry.


is a stone that is commonly used for flooring, facades, and chimneys.

Limestone is a stone that is frequently employed in the building of retaining walls and other structures.


Floors, facades, and furniture, both internal and external, are the primary applications for this material.

Rocks Which Have Undergone Metamorphism

Their very name gives away the fact that they are stones that have undergone a shape transformation. Stones that were originally igneous or sedimentary can become metamorphic. If they are heated to high temperatures and exposed to high pressures.

These conditions cause changes in the minerals that make up the stone as well as the form, size, and orientation of the grains.

Usage examples rocks that have undergone Metamorphism

Slate And Marble Are The Two Rocks That Are Utilized The Most Within This Category.


It is employed in such a variety of uses due to its durability and its ability to endure harsh weather, may be found in many historical buildings. It may be utilized in a wide variety of applications, including sculptures, fountains, kitchen counters, flooring, facades, etc.


It is typically utilized in the construction industry, in addition to being used for interior and exterior coatings.


As a result of these qualities and capabilities of stone. It is a component that not only ensures the longevity of the structure. But also increases the amount of time it may be put to good use.

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James Urso 2
Joined: 10 months ago
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