Fibromyalgia is a chronic (long-term) disorder characterised by widespread pain and tenderness, as well as fatigue and difficulty sleeping. Scientists aren't sure what causes it, but people with the disorder have heightened pain sensitivity.
Fibromyalgia has no cure, but doctors and other health care providers can help manage and treat the symptoms. Exercise or other movement therapies, psychological and behavioural therapy, and medications are commonly used in treatment.
What Causes Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia can affect anyone, but women are more likely than men to develop it. It can affect people of any age, including children, but it usually begins in middle age, and the likelihood of having it increases with age. It affects people of all races and ethnicities.
You are more likely to have fibromyalgia if you have other diseases, particularly rheumatic diseases, mood disorders, or pain-causing conditions. Among these diseases are:
- Arthritis rheumatoid.
- Lupus erythematosus (SLE) (commonly called lupus).
- Spondylitis ankylosing.
- Anxiety or depression.
- Back pain that persists.
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Fibromyalgia runs in families, and some scientists believe that certain genes may increase your risk of developing it. However, the disorder can occur in people who have no family history of it.
The following are the most common fibromyalgia symptoms:
Chronic, widespread pain that occurs throughout the body or at multiple locations. Arms, legs, head, chest, abdomen, back, and buttocks are frequently affected by pain. It is frequently described as aching, burning, or throbbing.
- Fatigue or an overwhelming sense of tiredness
- Sleeping problems
Other signs and symptoms may include:
- Stiffness in the muscles and joints.
- Touch sensitivity.
- Arms and legs that are numb or tingly.
- Concentration, clarity of thought, and memory issues (also known as "fibro fog").
- Sensitivity to light, noise, odours, and temperature has increased.
- Bloating or constipation are examples of digestive problems.
The cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, but studies show that people with the disorder have heightened pain sensitivity, which causes them to feel pain when others do not. In people with fibromyalgia, brain imaging studies and other research have revealed evidence of altered signalling in neural pathways that transmit and receive pain. These changes may also contribute to the fatigue, sleep disturbances, and cognitive issues that plague many people with the disorder.
Because fibromyalgia runs in families, genetic factors are likely to play a role in the disorder, but little is known for certain about the specific genes involved. Environmental (nongenetic) factors, according to researchers, may also play a role in a person's risk of developing the disorder. These environmental triggers may include having a pain-causing disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, or having mental health issues, such as anxiety or depression.
Treatment for fibromyalgia
There is currently no cure for fibromyalgia.
Instead, medications, self-care strategies, and lifestyle changes are used to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.
You may also want to seek assistance and direction. This could include attending a support group or seeing a therapist.
Medication for fibromyalgia
Medications can help you sleep better and relieve pain. Pregabalin are common fibromyalgia medications.
Pregabalin 100mg (Extended Release) tablet treat pain relief from damaged nerve which is also known as (Neuropathic Pain) that can occur in your arms, hands, fingers, legs, feet, or toes if you have diabetes and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN; the burning, stabbing pain or aches that may last for months or years after an attack of shingles).