The essential guide to cyber security

6 min read
30 November 2022

Cybersecurity is the process of protecting information, hardware, software, networks, and systems from intrusions. These assaults, often referred to as cyber attacks, are created to take advantage of weaknesses in a person's or an organization's system in order to control, disrupts, disable, or destroy its data or infrastructure.

Multiple layers of security must be in place to protect an enterprise's data However  تقنية المعلومات,, devices, applications, networks, and systems. An efficient protection against the ever-evolving and expanding cyber threats can be created by combining technology and best practices.

Phishing, malware, ransomware, code injections, and other risks are among them. Depending on how extensive the attack is, the impact may change. Through a cyber assault, a person's credit card information might be used for fraudulent transactions, or malware could be injected into a company's source code to wipe out the entire system. Even the most effective cybersecurity cannot completely prevent all assaults or attack types, but it can reduce their risks and negative effects.

Cybersecurity Types

A broad concept like cybersecurity can be further divided into more focused subcategories. We'll go over the five main categories of cybersecurity below.

  • Software Security:

The process of creating, integrating, and testing security measures within online applications in order to defend them against attacks is known as application security, or AppSec. Exploiting vulnerabilities, security flaws, and design defects can expose sensitive data, inject malicious code, infiltrate systems, and have other detrimental effects.

Web application firewall (WAF) protection for your website and content is offered for free by HubSpot's CMS Hub. Because the application layer is the most vulnerable, app security is one of the most crucial types of cybersecurity. Nearly half of data breaches over the previous few years, according to research by Imperva, started at the web application layer.

  • Cloud Safety:

A more recent subset of cybersecurity is cloud security. It is the discipline of safeguarding cloud computing infrastructures, together with any programmers that operate there and any data kept there. Cloud service providers have security policies and features in place because they host third-party apps, services, and data on their servers; nevertheless, clients are also partially accountable and required to configure their cloud service appropriately and use it responsibly.

  • Security for Critical Infrastructure:

Protecting a country's or a region's essential infrastructure is known as critical infrastructure security. The networks, systems, and resources that ensure physical and economic security, as well as public health and safety, are included in this infrastructure.

Consider a region's water supply, hospitals, traffic signals, and electrical grid as examples. This infrastructure is largely digital or depends in some manner on the internet to operate. Therefore, it needs to be secured because it is vulnerable to cyberattacks.

  • Security for the Internet of Things (IoT):

IoT security, or "Internet of Things" security, is the process of securing almost any connected device that may communicate with the network without the intervention of a human. This includes the billions of other devices—baby monitors printers, security cameras, motion sensors— as well as the networks to which they are linked. IoT devices must be protected against unauthorized access and other threats since they gather and store sensitive personal data, such as a person's name, age, location, and health information.

  • Network Protection:

Protecting computer networks and data from internal and external dangers is the practice of network security. Firewalls, virtual private networks, and two-factor authentication are examples of identity and access controls that can be useful. Physical, technological, and administrative security are the three subcategories that are generally used to classify network security. Each of these varieties of network security aims to restrict access to network elements (such as routers), data that is stored on or sent through the network, and the network's physical architecture.

Understanding Cybersecurity Terms

Similar to technology solutions cryptocurrencies and AI, cybersecurity is a tremendously daunting subject. It can be confusing, and, to be honest, it sounds somewhat menacing and complex. Listed below is a complete glossary of terminology related to cybersecurity in general.

  • Authentication:

Verifying your identity is the procedure of authentication. Your passwords serve as proof that you are the rightful owner of the relevant username.

  • Backup

The act of moving crucial data to a safe location, such as a cloud storage system or an external hard drive, is referred to as a backup. In the event of a cyberattack or system crash, backups allow you to restore your systems to a functioning state.

  • Behavior Observation:

Observing user and device behavior on your network in order to spot any potential security events early on is called behavior monitoring. It is necessary to measure activities both against baselines of typical behavior, trends, and organizational regulations and rules and in comparison to those baselines.

Although cyberattacks might be frightening, learning about cybersecurity doesn't have to be. It is crucial to be ready and equipped, especially if you are handling the data of others. Businesses should spend time and money protecting their computers, servers, networks, and software, and they should keep up with new technological developments.

Careful data handling only increases your company's credibility and openness, as well as the loyalty of your consumers. It is impossible to reduce cybersecurity to a simple, three-step process. Mojawasia uses a combination of best practices and defensive cybersecurity measures are used to secure your data. The best method to secure your data and the data of your customers is to dedicate time and resources to both.

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