The future of web development, as we know it, is definitely influenced by Python. With the aid of the right tools, Python allows developers to create fast, secure and maintainable solutions in an efficient manner. It has become one of the most popular web development languages to learn and perfect because of its simplicity and versatility. In this article, I will share with you what I believe are the 10 best Python Frameworks for Web Development in 2022 that are worth looking into. So without further ado, let’s dive right in!
Flask is a microframework for Python based on Werkzeug, Jinja 2 and good intentions. It's one of two libraries making up Pylons (the other being Pyramid). Flask shares many concepts with WebOb, its templates aren't much different than Django ones. It supports automatic URL routing using an extension to WSGI known as Routes, has built-in support for common template engines such as Jinja2 and Mako, and also comes with a client library called Flask-Client that simplifies calling APIs from your app by hiding all the JSON stuff behind higher level functions like get_user or post_comment.
Django is a high-level open source Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. Created by experienced developers at World Online (Django's original sponsor), Django was designed to handle two challenges: building large Web sites and developing Web applications fast.
It takes care of much of the hassle of Web development, so you can focus on writing your app without needing to reinvent the wheel. As a full-featured MVC framework, Django includes many tools and libraries that help with common tasks such as authentication, validating models, templating, etc., saving you from having to code them yourself. For these reasons it is considered one of if not the most popular programming language used today in website creation.
Pyramid is a relatively new framework. It’s easy to learn and works with most types of projects—web applications, single-page applications, mobile backends, or even command-line utilities. One of its best features is that it can work well with existing codebases; rather than starting from scratch and using your own coding conventions, you can just inject Pyramid into an existing project and immediately start reaping its benefits.
A lightweight and fast framework suitable for single-page applications (for example, most of Google applications). Bottle uses very simple code to perform complicated tasks. The simple syntax allows you to handle a large number of requests simultaneously. Bottle is easy to learn, but does not allow creating complex website architectures. Due to its simplicity and speed it can be used both by junior and senior developers.
Falcon is one of those rare open-source projects that is actually used by real people. The documentation may be a little spotty, but if you’re looking to do some serious high-performance Python web development, Falcon should be on your radar. It’s billed as Microframework for high performance HTTP, with support for true async and ‘flat’ code using asyncio. In practice, it can easily handle hundreds of thousands of requests per second—or more than ten times what we managed to squeeze out of Flask. And unlike Django or Pyramid, it does so without requiring you to use special ORM extensions like SQLAlchemy or Alembic.
TurboGears is an open source web application framework based on , and written in . It provides developers with a variety of powerful tools and technologies to create both dynamic websites as well as complex internet applications. TurboGears focuses heavily on developer productivity, providing more than 20 integrated tools that handle tasks such as form validation, input sanitization, database connectivity and management, caching, testing etc. These are all included out-of-the-box and seamlessly integrated into every project which makes it a very powerful choice for new projects. Aside from its many powerful features, TurboGears is highly extensible; even its core components can be replaced by developers who want to build their own custom implementation of each tool or technology it offers.
Pylons is an open source web framework written in Python. Pylons is a model-view-controller (MVC) framework that allows developers to create high performance, scalable and easily maintainable websites using Python. It was released as an open source project under GPLv2 license on March 29, 2004 by Mitch Chapman. Though it's not very active now, Pylons is still used by companies like Disqus, Yelp and Bitbucket. One of its biggest strengths lies in its simplicity - users can be up and running with their first app within hours of getting started; such ease of use has helped Pylons stand out from other similar frameworks like Pyramid or Django.
CherryPy is a python web application framework. It is designed to be fast, easy to use, and flexible. CherryPy is especially good for developing web applications on top of existing HTTP services. The low learning curve makes it an ideal tool for individuals and businesses with limited IT resources. With CherryPy you can create highly available and scalable Internet applications rapidly and easily using its object-oriented programmatic API or via its command line interface (CLI). CherryPy also supports many databases out of the box: SQLite, PostgreSQL, MySQL/MariaDB, Oracle Database etc., making it a great choice if you’re planning on writing web apps that talk to your existing legacy database system.
Web.py is a minimalist framework, which means it focuses on just enough to get you started and nothing more. This can be great when you want to build a quick prototype, but what if you want to take your idea and turn it into something bigger? Web.py takes its minimalism so far that some things like caching must be done outside of the framework itself using libraries like Memcached or even Redis. If you're fine with not having built-in caching, then Web.py might be a good starting point for your first project.
Invented by developer and author Ian Bicking, Tornado is a free and open source web framework written in Python that's highly scalable. Brought to you by Google, it's mainly used for real-time applications as it is equipped with an asynchronous networking layer based on Amazon's Web Services.
It enables both high performance and low latency, making it ideal for news sites, games or any other application where real-time data has to be processed right away. While there are newer options out there such as Django Channels, they don't come close to matching Tornado's scalability capabilities. Apache Mahout: Another powerful machine learning tool like scikit-learn but released under an Apache license instead of GPL.
A lot of people will be using Python in 10 years’ time as it continues to grow its popularity. With new frameworks emerging all of the time, making it is hard to predict what will stick and what won’t. There is always room for improvement too and one can only hope that by ten years from now, security concerns with Django 2.0 have been eliminated. Jupyter notebook continues to improve as well and may eventually become a massive hit with analysts who need things like R or MATLAB capabilities when doing their research. The above mentioned are the Top 10 Python Frameworks for Web Development in 2022. If you want to avail the best python development company services in India, then feel free to contact us today!
In short, I can’t speak about every single aspect that I could base my final decision on so I decided to just go with personal preference instead since other factors like community size were omitted from my list.