What is a 4 2 Rotation in Volleyball?

What is a 4 2 Rotation in Volleyball?
5 min read

For beginner volleyball teams, the 4-2 rotation is the go-to attack due to its ease of learning and performance. Two professional setters work in parallel on the front court as part of this strategy. The term 4-2 comes from the fact that there are two setters and four extra players in a 4-2 formation. Since this strategy is basic, many young players begin with it. Neither intermediate nor expert teams utilize it.

Why is the 4 2 Rotation Best?

  • It's Very Easy 

The 4-2 rotation is quite simple in terms of court action and player positioning during serve receiving. Using a setter from the back row may make rotations more difficult since it requires moving players to get the player who sets closer to their place of origin. There is no extra complexity in the 4-2 volleyball rotation, as we only use a setting player in the front row.

  • Improved Safety 

Three players in the back row whose only responsibility is to defend are fundamental to the 4-2 system. Back-row setters in 5-1/6-2 tend to be too focused on getting into the core position to set the second ball. Therefore, they need to do a better job of protecting against spikes from the opponent. Since the back row setter cannot block or dig from their base position at the net, one fewer defensive player is available.

  • An Attacking Setter Is Possible 

The setting has an important edge at the upper levels because it allows players to give up the ball, which makes the lives of the opposing players much more difficult. It may work to your advantage even at the lowest levels—especially with tall setters. But in general, we think it's a disadvantage since younger setters lack the physical attributes necessary to score goals offensively. 

  • No Setter Is Ever Far From Base 

The setter will be in base position the whole match since they are always on the front line. Because of this, the setter will never have to worry about finding an inconvenient area to set the ball, and there will be no need to rush from defense to base position.

4 2 Volleyball Rotations

  • Rotation 1

An ideal setting position is the front right, which the active setter assumes in the first rotation. 

In this arrangement, the middle hitter follows the outer hitter. This arrangement is the standard since the outside hitter will begin in the front middle and the medium batter in the front left. Keeping the setter as near to their front proper spot as feasible is the objective of the 4-2 rotation in volleyball. Rotation 1 in 4 2 also has the back-row server in the back left position, opposing the current setter. In an ideal 4-2, each of the three back-row places would be opposite to the front-row one. The purpose of the easy for beginners 4-2 rotation is for the setter to remain as near to their optimal serving position as possible, and this helps them do just that.

  • Rotation 2 in 4 2

In rotation 2, the setter from the back row moves to the front row, while the first server goes back to the back. The new setter forces the middle and outside attackers to the right boundary to achieve the perfect position for the setting. This achieves the goal of the setter being able to set with minimal motion, which might be frustrating for the attackers in rotation 2 on the initial charge. The rationale for positioning the middle fielder following the outside batter within this rotation becomes apparent. 

Due to their extreme right-handedness, outside hitters must go far to reach their proper hitting position. The middle fielder shouldn't have to go as far when the outside batter can make this great play. The typical strategy for an outside hitter is to remain in position to hit the weak side during the first attack, then slide to their best defensive posture to the left. Because of this, they are in a better position to start an initial strike.

  • Rotation 3 in 4 2

The third rotation is an immense help for the offense. 

A new hitter has joined the starting lineup, giving them the perfect opportunity to play in the left front spot. The middle may now retain a little towards the center's right, helping them slip to the left after a serve. The setter remains fixed, allowing them to prepare for the set quickly with volleyball spikes.

Rotations 4,5 and 6 in 4 2

In these variations, the participants face off against each other instead of the first, second, or third round. Otherwise, the rules remain the same. Because this rotation is so easy to pick up, complex shifts are no longer an issue.


In case you have found a mistake in the text, please send a message to the author by selecting the mistake and pressing Ctrl-Enter.
Jackson Jack 2
Joined: 2 months ago
Comments (0)

    No comments yet

You must be logged in to comment.

Sign In / Sign Up