When is Foot and Ankle Surgery Recommended?

Foot and ankle issues can significantly impact daily life, making it essential to know when surgical intervention might be necessary. At Bayside Orthopaedics, Dr. Sanjay Joshi specializes in foot and ankle surgery in Sunnybank, providing expert care tailored to your specific needs. This blog will explore when foot and ankle surgery is recommended and what you can expect from the procedure.

Understanding Foot and Ankle Problems

Foot and ankle issues can arise from various causes, including injuries, degenerative conditions, and congenital abnormalities. These problems can lead to pain, mobility issues, and a reduced quality of life. Understanding when surgery is the best option can help you make informed decisions about your treatment.

Common Conditions Requiring Foot and Ankle Surgery

1. Severe Arthritis

Arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, can cause severe pain and stiffness in the foot and ankle. When conservative treatments like medication and physical therapy fail to provide relief, surgery may be necessary to restore function and reduce pain.

2. Fractures and Trauma

Significant fractures or trauma to the foot and ankle may require surgical intervention to ensure proper healing and alignment. Surgery can stabilize the bones, repair damaged tissues, and prevent long-term complications.

3. Bunions and Hammertoes

Bunions and hammertoes are deformities that can cause pain and difficulty in wearing shoes. When these conditions become severe and do not respond to non-surgical treatments, surgery can correct the deformities and alleviate discomfort.

4. Tendon Injuries

Tendon injuries, such as Achilles tendon ruptures or chronic tendinitis, often require surgical repair, especially when the damage is extensive. Surgery can help restore tendon function and prevent further complications.

5. Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain. In cases where conservative treatments like orthotics, physical therapy, and injections do not provide relief, surgical intervention may be recommended to release the tight fascia and relieve pain.

When to Consider Foot and Ankle Surgery

Persistent Pain and Discomfort

If you experience persistent pain and discomfort that does not improve with non-surgical treatments, it may be time to consider surgery. Chronic pain can affect your mobility and quality of life, making surgical intervention a viable option for relief.

Limited Mobility

When foot and ankle issues significantly limit your mobility and daily activities, surgery may help restore function and improve your ability to move freely. This is especially important for maintaining an active and independent lifestyle.

Failure of Conservative Treatments

Surgery is often considered when conservative treatments such as medication, physical therapy, orthotics, and injections fail to provide adequate relief. If you have exhausted non-surgical options without success, surgical intervention may be the next step.

Structural Deformities

Structural deformities that cause pain and affect the alignment of your foot and ankle may require surgical correction. Addressing these deformities can improve function and prevent further complications.

What to Expect from Foot and Ankle Surgery

Preoperative Evaluation

Before surgery, Dr. Sanjay Joshi will conduct a thorough evaluation, including a physical examination and imaging studies, to assess the extent of the problem and plan the appropriate surgical approach.

The Surgical Procedure

The specific surgical procedure will depend on your condition. Dr. Joshi will explain the details of the surgery, including the techniques used and the expected outcomes. Most foot and ankle surgeries are performed under general or regional anesthesia.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Post-surgery, a comprehensive rehabilitation plan will be designed to facilitate your recovery. This may include physical therapy, pain management, and gradual return to activities. Dr. Joshi and the team at Bayside Orthopaedics will provide ongoing support and follow-up care to ensure optimal recovery.


Foot and ankle surgery can significantly improve your quality of life by alleviating pain and restoring function. If you're experiencing persistent foot and ankle issues, don't hesitate to seek expert care. Dr. Sanjay Joshi at Bayside Orthopaedics specializes in foot surgery in Sunnybank and is dedicated to providing personalized treatment plans tailored to your needs.

Book an appointment today to discuss your symptoms and explore the best treatment options for your condition. At Bayside Orthopaedics, we're here to help you get back on your feet.


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