Chandrayaan 3 Follows Chandrayaan 2: Chandrayaan 3 is the next mission following Chandrayaan 2, which faced communication issues and didn't achieve its intended soft landing.
Craft Weight: The spacecraft weighs over 3900 kg, with the propulsion accounting for 2148 kg, and the combined weight of the lander and rover being 1752 kg.
Three Phases: The mission is divided into three phases: Earth-Centric, Lunar Transfer, and Moon-Centric. Each phase serves a crucial purpose in getting the spacecraft to the Moon and achieving a successful landing.
Scientific Instruments: The Vikram Lander of Chandrayaan 3 is equipped with four scientific instruments, including a seismometer, a heat flow study instrument, a plasma environment instrument, and a retro-reflector.
Landing Parameters: Chandrayaan 3 is set to touch down on the Moon with a horizontal velocity of less than 5 meters per second, a vertical velocity of 2 meters per second, and a landing slope angle of less than 120 degrees.
Historic Achievement: India is the fourth country in the world to reach the Moon and the first to land on the lunar South Pole, a significant milestone in space exploration.
Landing Site: Landing at the Moon's South Pole is a remarkable feat, as this region is relatively unexplored and offers unique scientific opportunities.
Launch Vehicle: Chandrayaan 3 was launched using GSLV Mark 3, known as "Bahubali," a heavy-lift launch vehicle that has played a crucial role in India's space missions.
India's Lunar Missions: Chandrayaan 3 is India's third lunar mission, with the previous Chandrayaan missions having made significant contributions to lunar science and our understanding of the Moon.
Launch Date: Chandrayaan 3 was launched on July 14, 2023, from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, using the LVM-3 launch vehicle.
This mission is a testament to India's growing prowess in space exploration and its commitment to advancing our understanding of the Moon's mysteries. Chandrayaan 3 is not only a source of national pride but also a significant step in expanding our knowledge of the lunar landscape and its scientific potential.