Fighting Periodontitis: Advanced Treatments for Gum Disease

Fighting Periodontitis: Advanced Treatments for Gum Disease
4 min read
01 December 2023

Gum disease, also known as periodontitis, is a common oral health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums, leading to inflammation and infection. If left untreated, periodontitis can result in tooth loss and even impact overall health. Fortunately, advancements in dental care have led to various advanced treatments for periodontitis. This article will explore some of these treatments and how they can help fight periodontitis.

Scaling and Root Planing:

One of the primary treatments for gum disease is scaling and root planing. This procedure involves carefully removing plaque and tartar from the surfaces of the teeth and below the gum line. The dentist or hygienist will use specialised tools to clean the root surfaces and smooth them out, allowing the gums to reattach to the teeth more effectively. Scaling and root planing help eliminate the bacteria that cause gum disease and promote the healing of gum tissues.

Laser Therapy:

Laser therapy is a minimally invasive and highly effective treatment for gum disease. It involves the use of a dental laser to remove infected gum tissue and kill bacteria. The laser can target and destroy the bacteria without damaging healthy tissue, leading to faster healing and reduced discomfort compared to traditional methods. Laser therapy also stimulates gum tissue regeneration, promoting the gums' reattachment to the teeth.

Antibiotic Therapy:

In some cases, antibiotic therapy may be recommended as an adjunct to other gum disease treatments. Antibiotics can be prescribed in the form of oral medications or as topical gels placed directly into the gum pockets. These medications target and eliminate the bacteria causing the infection, helping control the progression of gum disease. Antibiotic therapy is often used with scaling and root planing or other procedures to enhance treatment outcomes.

Periodontal Surgery:

For advanced cases of gum disease that have not responded to non-surgical treatments, periodontal surgery may be necessary. There are different types of periodontal surgery, including flap surgery, bone grafting, and guided tissue regeneration. These procedures aim to access and clean deep gum pockets, remove damaged tissue, regenerate lost bone, and restore the gum's attachment to the teeth. Periodontal surgery can effectively treat severe gum disease and prevent further progression.

Ongoing Maintenance and Oral Hygiene:

Maintaining good oral hygiene practices is crucial in the fight against gum disease. Regular brushing, flossing, and using antimicrobial mouth rinses can help remove plaque and prevent the growth of bacteria. Additionally, routine dental check-ups and professional cleanings are essential to monitor gum health and address any signs of gum disease early on. Your dentist may recommend more frequent cleanings and personalised maintenance plans to ensure long-term gum health.


Gum disease is a serious oral health condition that requires prompt and effective treatment. With advanced treatments such as scaling and root planing, laser therapy, antibiotic therapy, and periodontal surgery, dentists can combat periodontitis and help patients regain healthy gums. It is important to remember that maintaining good oral hygiene and seeking regular dental care is vital for preventing gum disease and preserving overall oral health. If you suspect gum disease or have concerns about your gum health, consult a dental professional for a comprehensive evaluation and appropriate treatment options.

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Larry Ellison 2
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