Here’s What You Need To Know About PCOS

Here’s What You Need To Know About PCOS
3 min read

PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder in women during their childbearing age. PCOS can affect fertility, making it difficult to conceive. But there’re some signs you must not overlook, such as heavy periods, missing periods/irregular menstrual cycle, gaining unexplained weight, more acne, hirsutism.

With PCOS, some women develop cysts on their ovaries and that’s why it’s called “polycystic.” But not every woman with PCOS has cystic growths. Best to consult a gyne doctor if you notice any such signs. Getting a health evaluation under medical supervision is required. Get advice from the best gynaecologist in Siliguri.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

Signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome are more prominent in obese women. You might not experience symptoms of PCOS. Given below are common symptoms of PCOS:

  • Missing/irregular periods
  • Unexplained weight gain
  • Excessive facial, and body hair growth
  • Long periods
  • Acne-prone skin
  • Skin tags
  • Dark skin patches
  • Hair thinning
  • Infertility

What are the possible causes of PCOS?

The definitive cause of PCOS is unknown. Below are some reasons for PCOS let’s check out:

Excessive androgen: The female body naturally produces amounts of androgen that the body requires. But a rise in androgen levels causes issues like abnormal facial body hair, called hirsutism, acne. Polycystic ovary syndrome leads your ovaries to create excessive amounts of androgens, which are typically considered male hormones.

Insulin resistance: The pancreas is the organ that produces insulin hormone, and insulin allows cells to utilize sugar effectively. If the cells in the body become insulin-resistant, your body produces more insulin. And excessive levels of insulin cause the ovaries to make more androgens, resulting in suppressed ovulation.

Heredity: PCOS/polycystic ovary syndrome is a highly heterogenetic and complex disorder. As per many medical records, PCOS is a familial condition. If you have a family history of PCOS in first-degree relatives, such as your mother, or sisters, the possibility of getting PCOS is higher. Talk to the best gynaecologist in Siliguri.  

Low-grade inflammation: White blood cells are regarded as immunity cells. White blood cells fight against infections and diseases and the response of white blood cells to illness/foreign invaders is called long-grade inflammation. With PCOS, women may develop chronic low-grade inflammation, and this condition may lead to more androgens production by the polycystic ovaries.

Untreated or poorly managed PCOS can result in several complications, such as female infertility, prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, risks of miscarriage, risk of premature birth, Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (a serious liver inflammation), sleep apnea, mental health problems like anxiety, depression, gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, etc.

Infertility can be both a complication and a symptom of PCOS. Another complication of PCOS can be endometrial cancer/cancer of the uterine lining. With polycystic ovary syndrome, preexisting conditions like obesity can become worst. See the best gynaecologist and obstetrician doctors in Siliguri.

A gyne doctor may order or perform a few tests and procedures like pelvic exams, blood tests, ultrasound, medical history review, considering your symptoms. Among treatments for PCOS, lifestyle changes and medications are the primary ones. Further, patients who want to get pregnant at times consider the IVF procedure, one of the leading assisted reproductive technologies.

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Avalon Hospital 2
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