Is Java Swing or JavaFX still useful in 2023?

Is Java Swing or JavaFX still useful in 2023?
3 min read

In 2023, both Java Swing and JavaFX continue to be useful and relevant frameworks for developing graphical user interfaces (GUIs) in Java. While there have been advancements in the field of web development and the rise of other frameworks and technologies, Swing and JavaFX still offer several advantages and have a strong user base.

Firstly, Swing has been around since the early days of Java and has proven to be a reliable and stable framework. Many existing Java applications are built using Swing, and they continue to function effectively. Swing provides a rich set of components and layouts, allowing developers to create complex and customizable GUIs. Its mature ecosystem and extensive documentation make it easy for developers to find resources and support when working with Swing.

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JavaFX, on the other hand, was introduced as the successor to Swing and offers a more modern approach to GUI development. It is built on top of Java and benefits from its robustness and cross-platform compatibility. JavaFX provides a more visually appealing and interactive experience with its support for rich media, 3D graphics, and animations. It also has a clean architecture that separates the UI logic from the application logic, promoting better code organization and maintainability.

Furthermore, both Swing and JavaFX have solid community support. Many developers have invested time and effort into mastering these frameworks, and there is a wealth of knowledge and resources available online. Numerous open-source projects, libraries, and UI toolkits are built on top of Swing and JavaFX, expanding their capabilities and making it easier to develop complex applications.

Additionally, Swing and JavaFX continue to receive updates and improvements from Oracle and the community. Although Oracle has shifted its focus to a more cloud-centric strategy, they have committed to supporting JavaFX as an open-source project. The community-driven development of JavaFX ensures that it remains relevant and up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies.

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Another important consideration is the existing codebase. Many organizations have large codebases written in Swing or JavaFX, and rewriting them entirely would be time-consuming and costly. These frameworks offer backward compatibility, allowing organizations to continue maintaining and enhancing their existing applications without significant disruptions.

Moreover, Swing and JavaFX are well-suited for certain types of applications. Swing, with its lightweight nature, is particularly suitable for desktop applications that require fast rendering and responsiveness. JavaFX, with its modern look and feel, is often preferred for applications with more visually engaging interfaces, such as multimedia players, data visualization tools, or rich internet applications.

In conclusion, while there have been advancements in web technologies and the emergence of new frameworks, Swing, and JavaFX remain relevant and useful in 2023. Their maturity, stability, strong community support, and compatibility with existing codebases make them a reliable choice for GUI development in Java. Developers can continue leveraging these frameworks to create robust, feature-rich applications for desktops and other platforms, taking advantage of their extensive ecosystem and the wealth of resources available.

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Steffan 2
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