6 min read
18 December 2023


1. Great Wall of China

Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is an ancient fortification that stretches across the northern part of China. Built over several dynasties, the wall is one of the most iconic symbols of Chinese civilization. It spans thousands of miles, featuring watchtowers, battlements, and defensive structures designed to protect against invasions. The Great Wall is not only a remarkable architectural feat but also holds historical significance, reflecting the strategic military and defensive efforts of ancient China. Today, it stands as a UNESCO World Heritage site and a testament to the country’s rich cultural heritage.

When to Visit: Spring (April to June) and autumn (September to October) offer mild weather and fewer crowds.

How to Visit: Access points are available from Beijing. Consider guided tours or explore sections like Mutianyu or Jinshanling.

2. Christ the Redeemer (Rio de Janeiro)

Christ the Redeemer (Rio de Janeiro)

The Christ the Redeemer statue, an art deco masterpiece, is possibly the world’s largest Jesus statue, funded mainly through donations. Originally designed in France, it was shipped to Brazil and reconstructed using reinforced concrete and light-colored stone. Due to a scarcity of the original stone, ongoing restoration work employs a different material, gradually giving the statue a darker hue over time.

When to Visit: Visit during the shoulder seasons (spring and autumn) for pleasant weather and fewer crowds.

How to Visit: Reach the summit of Corcovado mountain by hiking, taking a train, or driving.

3. Machu Picchu (Peru)

Machu Picchu (Peru)

Machu Picchu, located in the Andes Mountains of Peru at an altitude of about 2,430 meters (7,970 feet), stands as an iconic testament to the Inca civilization. Constructed around 1450 AD by Emperor Pachacuti, this ancient citadel boasts sophisticated dry-stone architecture, featuring finely cut stones assembled without mortar. The purpose of Machu Picchu remains a subject of scholarly debate, with theories ranging from a royal estate to a ceremonial or religious center. Abandoned just over a century after its creation, the site remained hidden until its rediscovery by Hiram Bingham in 1911, covered in thick vegetation. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and recognized as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, Machu Picchu is a major tourist attraction accessible by train or foot, with the Inca Trail leading adventurers through breathtaking landscapes. Despite its popularity, concerns about conservation have led to efforts to manage visitor numbers and protect this extraordinary archaeological treasure. Visitors can explore structures like the Temple of the Sun and the Intihuatana stone while enjoying panoramic views of the surrounding mountains and the Urubamba River.

When to Visit: Dry season (late April to early October) for clear skies. May and September are optimal for a balance of good weather and fewer crowds.

How to Visit: Travel to Cusco, stay in Aguas Calientes, purchase tickets in advance, and take a bus or hike to Machu Picchu.

4. Chichen Itza (Mexico)

Chichen Itza (Mexico)

Chichen Itza, located on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, is an ancient city showcasing Maya and Toltec influences. Flourishing between the 7th and 10th centuries AD, it features the iconic Pyramid of Kukulcan, known for its intricate design and the famous serpent shadow during equinoxes. The Great Ball Court, the largest in Mesoamerica, offers insights into Maya culture. Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, Chichen Itza attracts global visitors with its rich history and architectural wonders. Ongoing conservation efforts preserve this invaluable cultural treasure.

When to Visit: Visit in the spring or fall to avoid extreme heat. Winter months also offer pleasant temperatures.

How to Visit: Accessible from cities like Cancun and Merida. Explore the archaeological site and its iconic pyramid.

5. Roman Colosseum

Roman Colosseum

The Roman Colosseum, an iconic symbol of ancient Rome, was commissioned by Emperor Vespasian and completed by Titus in AD 80. This colossal amphitheater, known for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles, accommodated thousands with its elliptical design and innovative engineering. Despite damage over the centuries, it remains a UNESCO World Heritage Site, drawing millions of visitors to experience its historical grandeur and architectural marvels.

When to Visit: Spring (April to June) and fall (September to October) offer pleasant weather and fewer tourists.

How to Visit: Located in the heart of Rome. Purchase tickets in advance or consider guided tours to explore the iconic amphitheater.

6. Taj Mahal, India

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal, situated in Agra, India, stands as a masterpiece of Mughal architecture. Commissioned by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, the mausoleum was completed in 1653. Renowned for its white marble facade adorned with intricate inlay work and symmetrical gardens, the Taj Mahal is a symbol of eternal love. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it attracts millions of visitors annually, captivated by its breathtaking beauty and cultural significance. The ongoing conservation efforts ensure the preservation of this iconic symbol of India’s rich history.

When to Visit: October to March for cooler temperatures. Visit early morning for the best experience.

How to Visit: Located in Agra. Purchase tickets in advance. Consider guided tours for historical insights.

7. Petra, Jordan


Petra, located in southern Jordan, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. This ancient city, carved into rose-red cliffs by the Nabataeans over two millennia ago, features remarkable structures such as Al-Khazneh (The Treasury) and the Monastery. Known for its rock-cut architecture and intricate water conduit system, Petra served as a major trade hub. Today, it stands as a captivating archaeological site, drawing visitors with its historical significance, stunning landscapes, and architectural marvels. Ongoing preservation efforts aim to safeguard Petra’s unique cultural heritage.

When to Visit: Spring and autumn for mild temperatures. Avoid extreme heat in summer.

How to Visit: Accessible from the town of Wadi Musa. Walk or ride a horse through the Siq to reach the iconic Treasury.

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suhani shinde 2
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