Understanding Section 73–74 of the CGST Act

Understanding Section 73–74 of the CGST Act
6 min read


By combining different indirect taxes under one unified tax, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act has completely transformed the Indian tax system. A key factor in ensuring the efficient implementation and administration of the GST is the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act. The CGST Act’s Sections 73 and 74 deal with the request for payment of tax from taxpayers. To maintain compliance and prevent any legal issues, it is crucial for both taxpayers and tax authorities to comprehend these areas. We shall go into the nuances of Sections 73 and 74 in this post, as well as their importance in the GST regime.

What does the CGST Act mean?

The Central Goods and Services Tax Act (CGST Act), which is essential for regulating the levy and collection of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India, is referred to here. The CGST Act was included in the GST regime, which went into effect on July 1, 2017, with the intention of simplifying the nation’s indirect taxes structure.

The Central Government is authorized to impose and collect taxes on the supply of goods and services inside the borders of a state under the CGST Act. It offers the legislative foundation for the central level management, control, and enforcement of GST.

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What does the CGST Act’s Section 73 mean?

The determination of tax that has not been paid or has been underpaid by a taxpayer is the topic of Section 73 of the CGST Act. If tax officials suspect that a registered person has not paid the required amount of tax or has underpaid it, this section provides the foundation for them to open an investigation. In order to start the procedure, the tax officer issues a notification in FORM GST DRC-01 that details the demands’ justifications and the sums of tax, interest, and penalties that are owed.

What does the CGST Act’s Section 74 mean?

The determination of tax not paid or short paid by a taxpayer owing to fraud is covered by Section 74 of the CGST Act. Section 74 is targeted primarily at cases involving fraudulent operations, in contrast to Section 73, which addresses ordinary non-payment or short payment. A notice in FORM GST DRC-01 may be issued by the tax office in accordance with this section if there is cause to suspect that a registered person has purposefully avoided paying taxes by using fraudulent means.

Sections 73 and 74 of the Tax Demand

  • Dispatching the Notice: By serving the taxpayer with a notice in accordance with Sections 73 or 74 of the relevant tax legislation, the tax officer starts the procedure. These sections cover situations where the tax officer suspects fraud-related tax evasion.

  • Receipt of Notice: The notice is delivered to the taxpayer, who is also given a deadline by which to respond to the claims.

  • Submission of Reply: The taxpayer draughts a thorough response to the notice, addressing each charge and offering justifications and proof to refute the allegations of tax fraud. The response must be delivered within the deadline.

  • Investigation: The tax officer looks over the taxpayer’s response and carries out more research to confirm the information provided. Examining bank documents, holding interviews, or assembling further proof may be necessary to accomplish this.

  • Assessment Order: The tax officer then issues a revised assessment order in light of the investigation’s findings. The tax, interest, and penalty payments made by the taxpayer are determined by this order.

  • Demand for Tax Liability: The assessment order is a demand for the tax obligation resulting from the alleged fraudulent conduct in the notice. The amount of tax, interest, and penalty that must be paid by the taxpayer is specified.

  • Payment Compliance: The taxpayer must abide by the assessment order and pay the tax, interest, and penalty within the timeframe specified in the order in order to comply with the assessment.

It is crucial to remember that the procedure may require extra steps or adjustments depending on the particular tax act rules and the facts of the case. It is advised that the taxpayer get professional advice and direction to make certain that the legal requirements are properly followed and to provide a strong defense throughout the procedure.


The CGST Act’s Sections 73 and 74 provide a legislative framework for the collection of tax from taxpayers. While Section 74 expressly handles instances of fraudulent tax evasion, Section 73 focuses on situations in which tax is not paid in whole or is paid insufficiently. To preserve the integrity of the GST regime and advance fair taxation practices in India, it is imperative for taxpayers and tax officials to understand the consequences of these sections. Tax authorities can successfully investigate and take action against non-compliant people or companies, while taxpayers can avoid legal repercussions by assuring compliance and cooperation.

Ishita Ramani 2
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