Understanding Vertigo: Causes and Treatment Options

Understanding Vertigo: Causes and Treatment Options
3 min read

What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is a sensation of spinning or dizziness. It is often linked to inner ear problems that affect balance. People experiencing vertigo may feel like they are whirling, tilting, swaying, or being pulled to one side. This can lead to nausea, vomiting, and difficulty standing or walking


Causes of Vertigo

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

BPPV occurs when calcium particles clump up in the semicircular canals of the inner ear. This can affect the balance and cause vertigo symptoms, often triggered by changes in head position.

Meniere's Disease

Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear that can lead to vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss, tinnitus, and a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear. The precise cause of Meniere's disease is unknown, but it is linked to a buildup of fluid in the inner ear.

Vestibular Neuritis

Vestibular neuritis is an inner ear disorder often caused by a viral infection. This condition can lead to inflammation of the vestibular nerve, resulting in vertigo and dizziness.

Migraine-Associated Vertigo

Some individuals with migraines may experience episodes of vertigo, which can occur with or without an accompanying headache.

Injury or Head Trauma

Head injuries or trauma to the inner ear can lead to vertigo symptoms as well.


Treatment Options for Vertigo

Epley Maneuver

The Epley maneuver is a series of movements performed on a patient to relieve symptoms of BPPV. It involves a sequence of head movements that can move the particles from the inner ear to a place where they no longer cause symptoms. It's important to consult with the best hospital for vertigo in Coimbatore if you are experiencing persistent or severe vertigo. 


Medications such as antihistamines, anti-nausea drugs, and vestibular suppressants can be prescribed to alleviate the symptoms of vertigo.

Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy

This form of therapy by top vertigo doctors in Coimbatore is designed to reduce vertigo and dizziness, improve balance, and minimize falls by restoring the vestibular system.

Lifestyle Changes

Making certain lifestyle changes, such as avoiding sudden head movements, staying hydrated, and reducing stress, can help manage vertigo symptoms.


In severe cases where vertigo is caused by a structural problem in the inner ear, surgery may be considered as a treatment option.


Final Thoughts

Understanding the causes and treatment options for vertigo is crucial for those affected by this condition. By seeking medical advice and exploring the available best vertigo treatment in Coimbatore, individuals can effectively manage and alleviate the symptoms of vertigo, leading to an improved quality of life.

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