The Bitcoin Endgame | What Happens When All BTC Are Mined?

The Bitcoin Endgame | What Happens When All BTC Are Mined?
5 min read

Since its introduction in 2009, Bitcoin has captivated the financial world from the outset! One of the fundamentals of Bitcoin concerns is its fixed-amount supply, capped at not more than 21 million coins. Scarcity is the fundamental value of Bitcoin itself. But then there will come a time when the last Bitcoin has to be unearthed. For a blockchain development company, this milestone in Bitcoin’s lifecycle marks a significant shift in the cryptocurrency landscape.

The Bitcoin Halving: A Brief Overview

Understanding why all Bitcoins will eventually be mined demands an understanding of what the Bitcoin halving entails. It happens about every four years and is part of the protocol of Bitcoin. Halving is the process whereby only half of the rewards are given to miners for validating transactions and adding them to the blockchain. The most recent halving occurred in May 2020 during which Bitcoin miners witnessed their block reward drop from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC.

Mining and its Role in the Bitcoin Networ

The process of generating new Bitcoins and validating transactions within the Bitcoin network is mining. PoW (Proof-of-Work) involves miners using powerful computers to solve complicated mathematical problems. The miner that finds the answer gets permission to connect the chain with another block containing new Bitcoin transactions that are also accompanied by payment for such services.

Mining Serves Multiple Critical Functions

New Bitcoin Generation

The miners are responsible for the generation of new Bitcoins, maintaining an orderly and anticipated supply.

Transaction Verification

Miners contribute to ensuring that transactions remain true, prevented from being spent twice, and the blockchain itself remains intact.


Dispersing authority among a wide pool of miners ensures that the entire Bitcoin network is kept free from the concentration of power in one hand.

Also, Explore | Brazil Launches National Digital ID System Powered by Blockchain

The Road to 21 Million: What Happens Next

As of September 2021, about 18.8 million Bitcoins have already been mined, which means that some 2.2 million are still out there for mining. The speed of new Bitcoin creation reduces with every halving event. This is a purposeful plan that makes mining more difficult and expensive with every increase in Bitcoin supply close to the 21 million ceiling.

Here’s what to expect as we approach the final phase of Bitcoin mining

Supply Constraint and Enhanced Value

In turn, as the mining reward is reduced and demand increases, this will create upward pressure on the price of Bitcoin. Such scarcity may increase making Bitcoin more prestigious as a store of value.

Transition to Transaction Fees

As the Bitcoin reward per block is expected to decrease over time, miners will shift towards transaction fees. Consequently, this may lead to increased cost of charges on Bitcoin transactions.

Evolution of the Mining Landscape

Because they would lose out on mining profits as a result, it is possible that tiny and ineffective miners will stop mining. In such a scenario, huge mining companies with a focus on infrastructure may seize control of the mining industry at a low cost.

Drive for Technological Advancements

Somewhat, such a quest can also provide an impulse toward the development of relevant technology updates to operate efficiently and sustainably. This may include creating more energy-efficient mining equipment and investigating other consensus algorithms that make Bitcoin’s operations more perfect.

You may also like to read | Demystifying Bitcoin Ordinals: What You Need to Know”

The Future Beyond 21 Million

Once we reach the 21 million Bitcoin limit, only transaction fees shall make a whole for earning for miners. Such changes are likely to promote greater maturity and stability of the Bitcoin ecosystem. However, this does give rise to questions about the long-term viability and reliability of mining operations and the security of that chain.

Nevertheless, with such challenges emerging, discussions among the members of the Bitcoin community can take place, considering possible changes to protocols, modifications in the mining algorithm, and the creation of other mechanisms for rewarding minors. The result of these conversations will be crucial in shaping the direction that bitcoins take as they go forward, guaranteeing their continued safety and soundness.

Also, Check | Satoshi Nakamoto’s Last Email Reveals Bitcoin Creator’s Thoughts


In the annals of cryptocurrency, the last Bitcoin mining represents the creation of 21 million coins. This is the final destination that the route that started with Bitcoin was always meant to go. As a digital reservoir of wealth at a time when monetary uncertainty is on the rise, this noteworthy accomplishment highlights the fundamental value of Bitcoin while also raising some important questions and issues.

In order to ensure that Bitcoin continues to be a robust and long-lasting financial network in the future, the Bitcoin family is getting ready for this momentous event with an open mind towards innovation and adaptation. It’s not just about getting there: twenty-one million represents the ongoing expansion and change of the cryptocurrency industry as a whole.

If you have a project in mind that you may want to discuss and develop, connect with our skilled blockchain developers.

In case you have found a mistake in the text, please send a message to the author by selecting the mistake and pressing Ctrl-Enter.
Oodles Blockchain 58
Full-Stack Blockchain Development Services and Solutions for Startups and Enterprises for Business Excellence Transform your business processes into highly sec...
Comments (0)

    No comments yet

You must be logged in to comment.

Sign In / Sign Up