Ragi is grown for grain, and it is also called coarse cereal. It is called African ragi, finger millet, madua and red millet. India alone accounts for 58 per cent of the world's ragi production. Its works are one to one and a half meters high, produced throughout the year. The calcium in ragi sources is very high, so the bones become strong by drinking it. It is the best nutrition for both kids and grown-ups. It includes the highest quantity of protein, fiber, fat and carbohydrates. Apart from this, acids like thiamine, niacin, and riboflavin are also in reasonable amounts. Moreover, Captain tractor is best for completing farming tasks.
All these items help in doing material activities. Besides consuming its grains, it is also used to create many things. For example, Ragi seeds can be boiled and eaten, and drink is also made from them.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
To cultivate ragi, sandy loam soil, including organic matter, is needed. The cultivated ground should have good drainage because the plant gets killed in soaked soil. The P.H. of the land in its cultivation. The value should be between 5.5 and 8. Ragi crops grow well in a dry and humid dry climate. Thus, it is produced during the Kharif season.
Its plants thrive well in hot conditions and should be gathered before cold temperatures. Its cultivation needs average rainfall. Ragi works to grow well at 35-degree temperatures. But at the time of seed germination, its seeds need 20 to 22-degree temperature.
Before sowing ragi seeds, the field is prepared correctly. For this, the area is first thoroughly ploughed greatly. After pushing the field, it is left open for some time. After this, 12 to 15 carts of old cow dung must be applied as natural fertilizer per hectare. Then placing the manure in the soil, furrow it well; the cow dung gets blended well in the ground. After this, the area has two to three slant ploughing through the cultivator.
Ploughing, the field is pulverised by applying water. After pressing, when the soil of the area starts appearing dry, during that time, the field is ploughed by using a rotavator. There is no moisture logging in flat places. If you want to use chemical fertilisers in the cultivation of ragi, then you will get two sacks of NPK per hectare at the moment of the last ploughing.
The drilling process is regarded as the most appropriate for transplanting ragi grains. If you want to plant the seeds by a spraying method, you have to sprinkle the seeds on the flat land, and after that, the field is lightly ploughed twice in the cultivator so that the seeds are planted in the soil of the area. Finally, it is buried about 3 cm deep.
Rows are prepared in the field for transplanting by drill method, and these rows are designed to keep a distance of one foot. The machine plants the seeds produced at a distance of 15 cm. Ragi seeds are to be planted between May and June. Apart from this, some places have their roots planted even after June.
Ragi plants do not require much irrigation because their seeds are planted in the rainy season, and their plants can tolerate drought for a long time. However, if there is no rain during the rainy season, its first irrigation is done one month after sowing the seeds. After this, when the flowers and grains are developing on the plants, during that time, irrigation of the plants is done two to three times at an interval of 10 to 15 days. Due to this, seeds are obtained in good shape, and production also increases.
Weeding is done on Ragi plants for weed control by natural method. Its plants require only two to three hoeings. Its initial weeding is done 20 days after sowing the seed, and subsequent weeding is done 15 days after the first weeding. If you want to control weeds by chemical method, you must spray the field with the appropriate amount of isoproturon or oxyfluorfen before sowing the seeds. Moreover, Sonalika Tractor is another suitable tractor model for farmers. Also, it comes with a nominal price range.
Ragi crop is ready to produce 110 to 120 days after sowing seeds. First, its ends are harvested, separated, collected in the field, and dried thoroughly. After this, the grains are separated through the machine and fill in the sacks.
A yield of 25 quintals is obtained from one hectare of field. The market price of ragi is 2700 per quintal, due to which the farmer brothers can earn 60 thousand rupees from its one-time crop.
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